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An ex-post facto exploratory study was conducted to explore and address the perception of dairy farmers about livestock service delivery by dairy cooperatives in Western Maharashtra, India by personal interview of 150 dairy farmers using pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule. The study revealed that Gokul cooperative provided 46 livestock services under seven broad heads viz., animal health care, animal breeding, production and management, feed and fodder production, extension, marketing and miscellaneous/others. With regards to availability, 72.87 per cent respondents perceived that services were timely available. In the study area, 58.26 per cent farmers perceived that livestock services were free of cost. The study reported that 44.63 per cent farmers were satisfied and 42.97 per cent were partly satisfied with the service delivery. The farmers faced constraints like human resource, financial, policy related and administrative constraints while obtaining the livestock services. Among various other constraints,high cost of concentrates, non remunerative price for milk, procedural complications for insurance and subsidy were the major constraints in dairy farming.
Service delivery is at the heart of all local governments in Uganda’s districts. For this reason, Mukono district like all other districts in the country is implementing internal controls as a means of improving service delivery. In this research study, the major variables of interest were internal controls and service delivery. It focuses on the internal controls being implemented by Mukono district local government; services provided by local governments including Mukono district; challenges faced by Mukono district local government in providing services and the respective contributions of internal controls towards service delivery by Mukono district local governments. This book therefore highlights on how internal financial controls enhance service delivery. The readers of this work will get to understand how financial systems have impacted on service delivery not only in Uganda, but East Africa at large.
This study was undertaken to explore the role of dairy cooperatives in stimulating innovation and market oriented smallholders’ development by taking Ada’a dairy cooperative as a case study. It entails the specific objectives of investigating the role of the cooperative in promoting innovation, promoting linkages for access to services and marketing and enhancing knowledge and information sharing. Primary data was collected from 150 smallholder dairy producer members of the cooperative randomly selected with Probability Proportionate to Size (PPS) using sampling frame from both urban and peri-urban members of the cooperative. This was supplemented by information from focal group discussion with dairy producers, board members of the cooperative and key informants. Qualitative and quantitative methods were deployed to analyze the collected data.
This study carried out in Nepal in 2009 to analyze the economic situation of dairy cooperatives and its impact on dairy farmers showed that the dairy cooperatives operating at different scales were operating in profit. The net capital ratio for small, medium and large scale was found to be 1.432, 1.01 and 1.127 respectively while the solvency ratio was found to be 0.88, 0.98 and 0.70 respectively and turn over ratio was10.2%,3% and 15.11% respectively. Impact on associated farmer members with cooperatives of different scales reveled that there was no such distinct impact based on scales of operation. However, farmers associated with large scale cooperatives were benefiting from support services like obtaining feed, bran etc in credit. Gender-wise distribution of dairy activities was comparable. It is suggested that Government should create a more enabling environment for dairy sector like providing subsidy in the electricity to the cooperatives, extension services to the farmers, reviewing of the milk price etc. Likewise, dairy cooperatives should also provide more support services to the associated farmer members.
Cooperative members’ expectations about the types and quality of services that should be offered and their criteria for performance of services have a major impact on the level of satisfaction or dissatisfaction felt. Members’ satisfaction on the benefits obtained by establishing cooperatives should be evaluated by the level of the deviation of service expectation from perceived service performance. Thus, cooperatives’ performance should be continuously checked against the level of members’ satisfaction. This book therefore, depicts a clear picture on the performance of primary coffee marketing cooperatives and there by to identify factors that impede members’ satisfaction, and to evaluate the performance of coffee marketing cooperatives in the study area.
This document is on Usage of cell phone among the livestock owners and veterinarians with reference to delivery of livestock services. The study was conducted in Puducherry region of the UT of Puducherry. List of livestock owners who have contacted each veterinarian through cell phone was collected. From each list, 10 livestock owner respondents were selected by using systematic random sampling method. Data relevant to the study were collected from livestock owners through personal interview and questionnaire method from veterinarians. Almost all livestock rearing families owned cell phone and used to avail livestock services irrespective of their socio-economic status. Livestock owners used cell phones mainly to receive advisory service and call veterinarians in emergency cases such as dystocia, bloat, milk fever in addition to clinical and breeding services.Cell phones saved veterinarians time, money by planning their route, medicines to carry, prioirtise the case and even depute their para-veterinarian to attend certain cases.This is a clear indicator that the cell phone is a powerful tool which could be used to provide reliable and timely information.
After the privatization of dairy extension services in 1992, there was an apparent decline and fluctuation in milk production.This book provides an understanding of the smallholder dairy farmers’ perception of the effects of privatization in the sub-sector on dairy production. Understanding farmers’ perceptions on the effects of institutional changes in livestock or crop production systems on their production is key in the process of privatization of agricultural extension services. This information may help farmers to design more sustainable coping strategies in order to boost milk production and address the negative effects of privatization. The government agencies, livestock policy makers and other service providers may also use the findings from the study to improve the dairy production service delivery. It has also provided information that may enhance improvement of market outlets for milk and milk products hence help to alleviate poverty and enhance better nutrition.
India is the largest producer of milk with a share of 14.5 per cent of the total world’s milk production. Dairy cooperatives have played an important role to improve the economy of milk producers’ in different regions of the country. It has not only provided organized network of milk marketing to the rural households, but also provided the crucial technical inputs like provision of artificial insemination, health services and feed inputs. Thus, considering the significant role of dairy cooperatives in socio-economic development of rural economy, an attempt been made to assess the impact of dairy cooperatives in this book. In order to assess the impact of dairy cooperatives on the overall economy of rural households, socio-economic parameters such as production, consumption, marketed surplus of milk, cost of milk production, income and employment were taken into account. All these parameters were explained with the help of tabular and functional analysis. The subject matter has been presented in simple language. This book can serve as a good reference material for the students, teachers/scientists, researchers, policy makers,staff of agricultural economics and dairy economics.
The study is undertaken under the auspicious of Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization. It deals with the problems of agricultural marketing and the performance made by the primary Agricultural Cooperatives. Primary agricultural cooperatives in Ethiopia are mainly undertaking input and out put marketing in Ethiopia. They are not disbursing any credit to the farmers. This is one of the limitations of primary cooperatives in Ethiopia. Several cooperatives are dealing in coffee also. The cooperatives are starving for funds during procurement times. Government in several regions help them. In general primary cooperatives are doing very useful service to the farmers.In other regions the cooperatives approach commercial banks for funds, which is a bad ethics. Because in Ethiopia Cooperative Banking is yet to develop. The study shows that primary cooperatives are able to compete with the private trades and provide better services to them.
In the last 40 years, the first goal pursued by dairy cattle community has been to increase individual production from a quantitative point of view, by high yielding dairy cows selection. This mono-aptitude criterion has caused a decline in reproductive performances worldwide. The comparative physiological study of autochthonous cattle to value "Ancient Autochthonous Biodiversity" opens up interesting prospects for livestock to comply the FAO 2050 target, as these animals are guarantors of a good milk production, excellent and typical cheese making, peculiar characteristics of rusticity, frugality, longevity and resistance to multiple diseases. Therefore they appear to be good candidates for traditional food production. The recovery of autochthonous breeds lactation and reproduction physiology could be strategic to improve knowledge and develop a more rational dairy livestock in view of reduced availability of cereals and plant proteins for livestock in the next 30 years.
This comprehensive book integrates new technology and concepts that have been developed in recent years to manage dairy farms in a profitable manner. The approach to the production of livestock and quality milk is multidisciplinary, involving nutrition, reproduction, clinical medicine, genetics, pathology, epidemiology, human resource management and economics. The book is structured by the production cycle of the dairy cow covering critical points in cow management. Written and edited by highly respected experts, this book provides a thoroughly modern and up-to-date resource for all those involved in the dairy industry.
Cooperatives especially, marketing cooperatives aim at assisting the agricultural producers to dispose agricultural products by providing efficient marketing system. These help farmers to sell their products through cooperatives directly in the fair market and relatively attractive, over all with loyalty, for instance fair weight and dependable marketing kept by cooperatives. Cooperatives improve member’s income by assuring a better return for their product bargaining power and searching better market and fairness. Therefore, those farmers can overcome marketing problems, by organizing in agricultural cooperatives.
The book discusses and covers meaning, definition of sustainable development and sustainability of agriculture and livestock production system, issues of agriculture and livestock sustainability in developing countries, an overview of approaches used by different authors, data requirement and sources of data for sustainability assessment at macro and micro level, different tools of sustainability assessment viz. Total Factor Productivity, Sustainable Livestock Production Index, Sustainable Dairy Farming Index along covering all the three dimensions of sustainability viz. economic, social and environmental. The book also defines the suitable indicators to cover all the three dimensions objectively. Factors which affects the sustainability of dairy farming has also covered in the book. The policies, recommendations have discussed at the end of the book to improve the livestock sustainability.
Cooperative enterprises are serving many people throughout the world. According to the International Cooperative Alliance, more than 800 million people are members of the international cooperative movement. Moreover, the United Nations has declared that 2012 will be the International Year of Cooperatives through which cooperatives are expected to get better attention by governments and non-governmental organizations. Consequently, the advantages of cooperatives in various aspects will be studied and promoted. Partly, this book has explored the contributions of dairy cooperatives within the dairy value chain in reducing poverty in central parts of Ethiopia. Their roles in improving the livelihood, promoting opportunities, facilitating empowerment, and enhancing security for the farmers are described. The improvement in the income and consumption of members and their access to education, health services and transportation after membership are investigated. Moreover, the cooperative policy environment, the support of NGOs, the gender balances, management problems and the challenges and opportunities of the cooperatives are illustrated.
This book tries to identify botanical milk-enhancers in dairy livestock nutrition. Survey conducted revealed that farmers were aware of the use of Guiera senegalensis for increased milk yield in humans but served as feed to livestock. Thus Guiera senegalensis a phyto-galactagogue used by Humans in the traditional Fulani Settlements was fed to lactating goats at varying inclusion levels to ascertain its role in lactation. Findings from the work revealed that it increased milk yield at 30% inclusion level in lactating does and liveweight changes of suckled kids. It is hoped that findings in this work stimulates further studies on the role and implications of botanical galactagogues in milk production of dairy livestock; as well as development of strategies for conservation of such feed resources to ensure sustainability.